PALMETTO, Fla. - The threat of a large-scale breach of contaminated water is over at the old Piney Point phosphate plant but concerns remain over water leaking from the holding ponds and the proposed solutions to fix short and long-term problems.
Wednesday night, a dive team and an underwater submersible went inside the pond, hoping to find a way to plug the leaks. But the team is only able to work on one of the several ponds at Piney Point.
In the long-term, Manatee County wants to get rid of all that water. Tuesday, commissioners approved a deep well injection site that will be fast-tracked through the DEP.
Water will be treated and then injected deep below the aquifer, then capped off on county property.
For now, the water releases continue.
Meanwhile, water testing in Tampa Bay has also ramped up.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) put out that report showing water samples from the bay, so far, meet acceptable marine water quality standards.
But samples near Port Manatee, where the discharge is happening, show high levels of phosphorus.
Nearby residents have been allowed to return, but their fears are far from gone.
After being evacuated from her home of 33 years, Yoko Willis returned Monday night. Now that flooding from a large-scale breach is no longer a threat, her concern turns to the environment.
"We come home and everything is OK here," she said Wednesday. "Our neighbors, everybody goes fishing. We eat a lot of fish. The neighbors catch it and bring it to us."
Resident Pat Burg shared those concerns, saying, "I am concerned that it might affect the fish out there in the bay and even create the algae."
The DEP has set up a page at protectingfloridatogether.gov for concerned citizens to track 15 locations where water samples are being tested, as well as the flow of water. Environmentalists say testing needs to continue.
Workers survey the partially-emptied pond at Piney Point
"As the flows subside, they really need to ramp up as much as they can pre-algae bloom conditions and monitor as much as they can and model the contamination of where they think it will go," explained Justin Bloom of Suncoast and Tampa Bay Water Keepers.
The unknowns of discharging 173 million gallons of water filled with nutrients into Tampa Bay is a concern of its own.
About 258 million gallons of water remain in the Piney Point gypsum stack.
The water coming into Pat Berg’s home is pulled from a well deep underground.
A deep well injection would go much deeper than Berg's well, which pulls from the upper Florida aquifer. The deep well injection from Piney Point would go far below that, to about 3,000 feet.
Piney Point gypsum stack holding ponds
It's still a solution that leaves them with mixed feelings.
"I’m going by what the experts say about the deep well injection… I myself don’t know anything about it, but I’m trusting in their expertise," Berg said.
Resident Kim Williams added, "I’m not crazy about the idea, but they are saying they are going to filter it. As long as they are doing that part of it, I guess it is part of a solution."
Manatee County’s director of Parks and Natural Resources, Charlie Hunsicker described the aquifer like a layer cake.
"The bottom layer being saltwater, the middle layer being saltwater, the top water being freshwater. The county is moving fluids through the first two layers of cake and icing into the third layer, none of it ever reaching the top layer of cake. It could reach the second layer of cake perhaps, but it will be detected and stopped," he said.
More of the liner is exposed as the wastewater drains on April 6, 2021. Photo courtesy Manatee County Public Safety Department.
Environmentalists don’t buy it. They prefer another solution, like reverse osmosis, which has a much higher price tag.
"I’m concerned if deep well injection is used here it’ll become accepted as a day-to-day management technique for phosphate industry elsewhere. I think that would be a terrible and likely result," Bloom explained.
But right now, Manatee County has a pond full of leaking water to contain, millions of gallons of nutrient-filled liquid going into the bay daily.
Residents just want a solution.
"That’s the key thing. They’re saying they are going to filter it. Let’s hope they do," Williams said.